Investigation effects of tourism on the economy‌ـ social workers in the tourism sector Khoramabad City

Document Type : Research Article


1 Associate professor, Department of Geography, University of Tehran

2 Master of Geography and Urban Planning, University of Shahid Chamran Ahwaz

3 Graduate student of Geography and Urban Planning, University of Tehran

4 Graduate student of Tourism Managment, Higher Education Qeshm.


Today, tourism is one way to earn income urban residents is to increase economic and social power. Khoramabad with abundant natural and historical attractions that many tourists each year, with this process, the city has become one of the city's tourism poles, the aim of this study was to identify the effects of tourism on the economy ‌ـ Khoramabad community residents, particularly workers in the tourism -dependent binding. The research was based on a descriptive ‌ـ analytical, to complete the questionnaire, along with field survey and the data were processed through SPSS software and a variety of statistical tests were used to analyze the data. The results show that urban tourism on economic and social components of tourism sector workers had a positive impact and quality of life compared to workers in other sections (agriculture and self-employment), the situation is more favorable.
 Tourism is one of the most important social forces (urban) comes into account. International tourism to cultural, social and geographic document, nicely renovated and fitted living. The country is among the top 10 countries worldwide in terms of having tourist attractions, but as a fledgling industry in the country and can result in economies of many countries, more effectively Tourist cities. Khormabad urban culture, commerce, services and tourism. Many researchers believe that, historic Valley Khormabad due to weather conditions and ancient pathways on the road north to South and West to East One of the main focuses of the Human Environment , in pre-history has been. This study attempts to assess the impact of tourism on economic development ‌ـ social, cultural, environmental and quality Khormabad residents who are active in the Tourist industry pay. The main issue is whether the relationship between tourism development and economic and social development of the components are there? If there is a connection between the components of the communication in question is at what level of significance? This is the default that the development of tourism and economic development ‌ـ social, cultural, and enhance the quality of life of people there studied the relationship of answer the above questions extrusion.
 The method used in this study is the cross. In this paper, according to the study benefited from two documentary athletics. Method a questionnaire was used to gather information. Then, focusing on descriptive studies and objective observations and questionnaire data with the results of a survey of workers in the agricultural sector, employment and tourism sector the research hypothesis is discussed. The results of the questionnaire were analyzed using SPSS software. In this study, random sampling method was used, a total number of 270 respondents is the question. In this respect, two types of questionnaires were used:
The first question: To measure the impact of tourism on socio ‌ـ economic development and cultural tourism sector focuses on employees, the entire population consisted of 90 households were selected.
Second question: To compare the economic and social situation of the agricultural sector and self-employed workers in the tourism sector and 180 people were questioned, they designed the results were compared with results from the first questionnaire.
The study area
Khormabad city with a population of 558,453 thousand in the 1390 census, among the limestone mountains to an altitude of 1170 meters between two parallel 48 degrees 21 minutes and 30 degrees 32 minutes latitude is (IZADPANAH , 1376: 16). This distance in the 480 km South West of Tehran , good climate in the valley, dense trees and streams of water , located high in the mountains and inserts, due to their particular nature and spectacular scenery and inserts and Resorts natural abundance. In terms of antiquity and history the city has a history of several thousand years, one of the oldest cities of Iran comes to that throughout history, has undergone many changes. Study shows city's attractions, city Khormabad according to geographical location and political role has always been the case, Therefore suitable for the development of tourism infrastructure and utilities development.
In this study, the effects of tourism on human development (socio ‌ـ economic status) Khormabad paid workers in the tourism sector , Estimation results of the study show the positive impact and significant relationship between tourism development and enhance the quality of life for employees is dependent on the tourism sector . In conclusion it can be concluded that the relationship between tourism development and economic and social development of specimen there is a significant relationship.


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