Document Type : Research Article
Associate Professor of Political Geography, University of Tehran.
Recognition of environmental and human capabilities and capacities with a planning approach and prioritization of development can be considered as a basic strategy for optimal regional planning. In this regard, in recent decades in different countries, attention to the expansion of tourism, especially in urban areas in order to improve their living conditions and their sustainability, has found a special place in the grand plans of these countries. In fact, in different countries, especially in recent decades, tourism has been considered as one of the most important strategies to achieve sustainable environmental, social and economic development in such areas. The tourism industry in recent years has had many effects on the economic, social and cultural situation of the world. Today, the economic importance of tourism and job creation is not hidden from anyone. Today, the development of cities depends on coherent planning in various economic, cultural and political dimensions. Considering that any method that is effective in achieving success and goal is called politics, so one of the important and vital ways to achieve sustainable development in cities and countries is to pay attention to tourism resources and their prosperity and development. Therefore, any tourist attraction that has any attraction, should consider the issue of sustainable development of these attractions in the form of elements such as tolerable capacity of the attraction and policies related to the maintenance and development of the attraction. The present article, which has been compiled by descriptive-analytical method, deals with the issue that in the current world and with the many advances that have been made in the maintenance of tourist places, the tourism industry is a macro strategy and policy in creating sustainable development in cities. Is considered.
This research is of a fundamental type and the method of data collection in this documentary and library research and the method of information analysis is descriptive-analytical based on qualitative methodology. In this regard, in order to achieve a correct and clear result in this research based on rational inference, an attempt has been made to study and explain the impact of tourism on the development of cities. Therefore, by using the main variables such as tourism, economy, development, we try to reach a generalizable result.
Discussion and findings
1. In today's world, the tourism industry is a growing and lucrative industry. Which has attracted the attention of officials of different countries. Therefore, in the present era, with the advancement of science and technology, various facilities have been created in relation to tourism. So that the cities are trying to use these developments and according to the internal potentials of the high tourism capacity of their country.
2. In fact, tourism is seen as an industry today. Tourism is the most extensive service industry that will expand rapidly in the future as it did in the past and today, and the benefits of this lucrative and valuable industry include that it is an important source for the prosperity of developing economies and balancing countries. Finance is in the international economy of rich and poor countries.
3. Adopt a sustainable approach to tourism development: In this mechanism, all stakeholders in destination tourism such as government, private sector activists, interested NGOs and local people in general should feel a shared responsibility for tourism development. Spreading the notion that tourism presents an opportunity for local and national development to the destination community.
In order to provide a suitable environment for the development of urban tourism, in the first stage, it is necessary to identify the attractions and in the next stage, to evaluate them. Assessing tourist attractions plays an important role in anticipating needs, addressing deficiencies, planning, decision-making and urban tourism development.
In view of the above, it can be concluded that any way to achieve success, if it is lawful and appropriate, is considered a policy. So we can say that tourism and the tourism industry is an important economic way to achieve development in the city, which should also be called tourism policy. Tourism in its modern meaning and form is a phenomenon that has been created in recent centuries with prosperity. Today, this industry is one of the most important sources of income in the economy of countries, which is not only economically useful, but also causes familiarity with cultures, reduces unemployment and social corruption, and increases the welfare of society. There are various areas of action in urban policymaking, including policies related to urban land, urban environment, urban infrastructure, urban finance, and the well-being of citizens, which the creation of sustainable and cohesive tourism can cover all of these areas. Of course, not in a specific way, but in general and along with other methods and policies to achieve development can be of great importance.