Document Type : Research Article
Department of Urban Planning, Dubai branch, Islamic Azad University, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Department of Human Geography, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Department of Architecture, Central Tehran branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
A B S T R A C T
This research aims to investigate environmental issues, their destructive effects, and their roles and potentials in attracting tourists to the ecotourism axes, the Lashkark-Dizin axis. The type of applied research and the method of that research is descriptive-analytical. The statistical population of this research is 3 statistical population of experts, people living in the studied axis, tourists entering the studied axis, and the sample size based on the random sampling method is 30 people for the first community, 200 people for the second community, and 150 people for the third community. In this regard, the final evaluation of the value of the waterfalls along the path and the green tourist routes and sports facilities of the Lashkark-Dizin axis, the results of this method show that the economic index is 0.859 and the standard of amenities and services is the highest with 0.842. They have played a role in attracting tourists as well as investment purposes. The results of the network analysis model also show that economic activity development indicators with a value of 0.157 have played the greatest role in the destruction of the environmental resources of the Lashkar-Dizin axis. In the next order, the change of uses, such as the change of use from agriculture and gardens to commercial; change of use from residential to commercial; Change of use from agriculture and gardens to facilities and equipment; The change of use from parks to residential and tourism centres with a rate of 0.098 has had a significant impact on the destruction of the environmental resources of this axis.
Today, tourism is one of the most important opportunities for environmental sustainability. Because environments have always been fragile and sensitive to the changes and destructions caused by tourism. The culture of tourism will definitely help the fields of environmental sustainability. The sustainability of tourism is based on the concept of sustainable development, in which the need to maintain the interaction between humans and the environment is discussed. The lack of interaction between humans and the environment causes widespread environmental problems. For years, environmental scientists and ecologists have identified the increase in economic activities as an important factor in the depletion and destruction of natural resources and have shown that with the increase in economic activities, the stability and flexibility of ecosystems has been seriously threatened.
This research is descriptive-analytical according to the goals and components of applied research and its research method. The statistical population is domestic and foreign tourists. The statistical sample is calculated based on random sampling. Based on this, the statistical population of this research is 3 statistical populations of experts, people living in the study area, tourists entering the study area, and the sample size is 30 people for the first community, 200 people for the second community, and 150 people for the third community. In order to use the questionnaire, its validity and reliability will be evaluated. In connection with the validity, the coefficient of the ability of the questionnaire is proposed, the range of the ability coefficient is from zero (no correlation) to +1 (complete correlation). The reliability coefficient indicates how much the measuring instrument measures the subject's stable characteristics or variable and temporary characteristics.
Result and Discussion
Lavasan is one of the cities of Lavasanat district, Shemiranat city, Tehran province, Iran. This city is the center of Lavasanat district. Lavasanat section includes many areas, but the body of Lavasan city from west to east is the neighborhoods of Lashgark, Bagh Sarhang Gharib, Noushani, Astlak, Tok Farzah, Astlak Bayan (Kashfia), Chenarban, Ahmedabad, Basti, Shurkab, Jaij (Jaj), Glenduk. (Golham Do Rudak), Najarkla (including Seyed Piyaz), Dastgerd, Ghaziabad, Naran, Kalak, Bagh Dere, Cebu Koch, Timur Abad, Nazim Abad and Cebu Big. The city of Lavasan is located in the northeast of Tehran city and is considered as the closest summer area of Tehran city. According to the research findings, if the relationship between nature tourism and environmental protection is two-way, it is beneficial and there is hope for its sustainability. In addition, the current and future needs of the host population should be anticipated and the future generations will also benefit from them. become Therefore, the conditions for the continuation of ecotourism in the Lashkarak-Dizin route are the support of local people, the involvement of local communities in the management of this activity, and the fair distribution of benefits among people. Indicators of development of economic activities include the construction of accommodation centers such as hotels, guesthouses; Construction of business-service units; Construction of roadside service centers; Establishing tourist camps; The construction of urban facilities and equipment has played the biggest role in destroying the environmental resources of Lashkarak-Dizin axis.
In this research, in order to determine the value of each of the attractions and capabilities of Lashkarak-Dizin tourist center using the Prolong method, the network analysis model has been used to analyze the effect of various indicators in the development of Lashkarak-Dizin center tourism. In this regard, the final evaluation of the value of the waterfalls along the
route and the green tourist routes and sports places of Lashkarak-Dizin axis, the results of this method show that the economic index with a value of 0.859 and the standard of comfort and service facilities as well With 0.842, they have played the biggest role in attracting tourists and also investment goals in such a way that this can indicate the extent of expansion of economic activities related to ecotourism development in the studied axis, which in the absence of environmental protection planning. Environment, the change of extensive uses from agriculture and gardens to economic activities can change the face of the virgin and natural environment and lead to climate changes in the region. The results of the network analysis model also show that the indicators of the development of economic activities include the construction of accommodation centers such as hotels, guesthouses; Construction of business-service units; Construction of roadside service centers; Establishing tourist camps; The construction of urban facilities and equipment, etc., with a value of 0.157, has played the greatest role in destroying the environmental resources of Lashkarak-Dizin axis. In the next order, the change of uses, such as the change of use from agriculture and gardens to commercial; change of use from residential to commercial; Change of use from agriculture and gardens to facilities and
equipment; The change of use from gardens to residential and tourism centers, etc., with a rate of 0.098, has had a great impact on the destruction of the environmental resources of this axis. The impact of these changes in uses is so impressive that sometimes it can lead to extensive climate changes in a region. The attraction of tourism, which is the result of the existence of tourist facilities and amenities and services in an area along with the existence of natural attractions, has a direct relationship with the destruction of environmental resources, so that with the increase of amenities and services in a touristic area, ecological capacities and capabilities The area will be threatened with high population density.
There is no funding support.
All of the authors approved thecontent of the manuscript and agreed on all aspects of the work.
Conflict of Interest
Authors declared no conflict of interest.
We are grateful to all the scientific consultants of this paper.